hb1652c-Committee Bill Text
SECOND REGULAR SESSION
HOUSE COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR
90TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Reported from the Committee on Local Government and Related Matters
, February 28, 2000, with recommendation that the House Committee Substitute for House Bills Nos. 1652
& 1433 Do Pass.
ANNE C. WALKER, Chief Clerk
To repeal sections 149.015, 149.071, 407.927, 407.929 and 407.931, RSMo 1994, relating to sale of tobacco products to
minors, and to enact in lieu thereof ten new sections relating to the same subject, with penalty provisions.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Missouri, as follows:
Section A. Sections 149.015, 149.071, 407.927, 407.929 and 407.931, RSMo 1994, are repealed and ten new sections
enacted in lieu thereof, to be known as sections 149.015, 149.071, 407.924, 407.926, 407.927, 407.928, 407.929,
407.931, 407.933 and 407.934, to read as follows:
149.015. 1. A tax shall be levied upon the sale of cigarettes at an amount equal to eight and one-half mills per cigarette,
until such time as the general assembly appropriates an amount equal to twenty-five percent of the net federal
reimbursement allowance to the health initiatives fund, then the tax shall be six and one-half mills per cigarette
beginning July first of the fiscal year immediately after such appropriation. As used in this section, "net federal
reimbursement allowance" shall mean that amount of the federal reimbursement allowance in excess of the amount of
state matching funds necessary for the state to make payments required by subsection 1 of section 208.471, RSMo, or, if
the payments exceed the amount so required, the actual payments made for the purposes specified in subsection 1 of
section 208.471, RSMo.
2. The tax shall be evidenced by stamps which shall be furnished by and purchased from the director or by an
impression of the tax by the use of a metering machine when authorized by the director as provided in this chapter, and
the stamps or impression shall be securely affixed to one end of each package in which cigarettes are contained. All
cigarettes must be stamped before being sold in this state.
3. Cigarette tax stamps shall be purchased only from the director. All stamps shall be purchased by the director in
proper denominations, shall contain such appropriate wording as the director may prescribe, and shall be of such design,
character, color combinations, color changes, sizes and material as the director may, by [his] rules and regulations,
determine to afford the greatest security to the state. It shall be the duty of the director to manufacture or contract for
revenue stamps required by this chapter; provided that if the stamps are contracted for, the manufacturer thereof shall be
within the jurisdiction of the criminal and civil courts of this state, unless the stamps cannot be obtained in this state at a
fair price or of acceptable quality. If stamps are manufactured outside of the state, the director shall take any precautions
which he deems necessary to safeguard the state against forgery and misdelivery of any stamps. The director may require
of the manufacturer from whom stamps are purchased a bond in an amount to be determined by him commensurate with
the monetary value of the stamps, containing such conditions as he may deem necessary in order to protect the state
4. It shall be the intent of this chapter that the impact of the tax levied hereunder be absorbed by the consumer or user
and when the tax is paid by any other person, the payment shall be considered as an advance payment and shall thereafter
be added to the price of the cigarettes and recovered from the ultimate consumer or user with the person first selling the
cigarettes acting as an agent of the state for the payment and collection of the tax to the state, except that in furtherance
of the intent of this chapter no refund of any tax collected and remitted by a retailer upon gross receipts from a sale of
cigarettes subject to tax [under] pursuant to this chapter shall be claimed [under] pursuant to chapter 144, RSMo, for
any amount illegally or erroneously overcharged or overcollected as a result of imposition of sales tax by the retailer
upon amounts representing the tax imposed [under] pursuant to this chapter and any such tax shall either be
refunded to the person who paid such tax or paid to the director. The director may assess any retailer for any tax
illegally or erroneously overcharged or overcollected unless such tax has been refunded to the person who paid
5. In making sales of cigarettes in the state, a wholesaler shall keep a record of the amount of tax on his gross sales. The
tax shall be evidenced by appropriate stamps attached to each package of cigarettes sold.
6. The tax on any cigarettes contained in packages of four, ten, twenty or similar quantities to be used solely for
distribution as samples shall be computed on a per cigarette basis at the rate set forth in this section, and payment of the
tax shall be remitted to the director at such time and in such manner as he may prescribe.
7. The revenue generated by the additional two mills tax imposed effective August 13, 1982, less any three percent
reduction allowed [under] pursuant to the provisions of section 149.021, shall be placed in a separate fund entitled "The
Fair Share Fund". Such moneys in the fair share fund shall be distributed to the schools in this state on an average daily
attendance basis, except as provided in section 163.031, RSMo.
8. The revenue generated by the additional two mills tax imposed effective October 1, 1993, less any three percent
reduction allowed [under] pursuant to the provisions of section 149.021, shall be deposited in the health initiatives fund
created in section 191.831, RSMo. When the general assembly appropriates an amount equal to twenty-five percent of
the net federal reimbursement allowance to the health initiatives fund, this subsection shall expire. The additional two
mills tax levied [under] pursuant to this section shall not apply to an amount of stamped cigarettes in the possession of
licensed wholesalers on October 1, 1993, up to thirty-five percent of the total cigarette sales made by such licensed
wholesaler during the six months immediately preceding October 1, 1993.
149.071. 1. Any person who shall, without the authorization of the director of revenue, make or manufacture, or who
shall falsely or fraudulently forge, counterfeit, reproduce, restore, or process any stamp, impression, copy, facsimile, or
other evidence for the purpose of indicating the payment of the tax levied by this chapter, or who shall knowingly or by a
deceptive act use or pass, or tender as true, or affix, impress, or imprint, by use of any device, rubber stamp or by any
other means, or any package containing cigarettes, any unauthorized, false, altered, forged, counterfeit or previously used
stamp, impressions, copies, facsimilies or other evidence of cigarette tax payment, shall be guilty of a felony and, upon
conviction, shall be punished by imprisonment by the state department of corrections and human resources for a term of
not less than two years nor more than five years.
2. It shall be unlawful for any person:
(1) To sell or distribute in this state; to acquire, hold, own, possess or transport for sale or distribution in this
state; or to import or cause to be imported into this state for sale or distribution in this state:
(a) Any cigarettes the package of which:
a. Bears any statement, label, stamp, sticker or notice indicating that the manufacturer did not intend the
cigarettes to be sold, distributed or used in the United States, including but not limited to labels stating "For
Export Only", "U.S. Tax-Exempt", "For Use Outside U.S." or similar wording; or
b. Does not comply with:
(i) All requirements imposed by or pursuant to federal law regarding warnings and other information on
packages of cigarettes manufactured, packaged or imported for sale, distribution or use in the United States,
including but not limited to the precise warning labels specified in the Federal Cigarette Labeling and
Advertising Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1333; and
(ii) All federal trademark and copyright laws;
(b) Any cigarettes imported into the United States in violation of 26 U.S.C. Section 5754, or any other federal law
or implementing federal regulations;
(c) Any cigarettes that such person otherwise knows or has reason to know the manufacturer did not intend to be
sold, distributed or used in the United States; or
(d) Any cigarettes for which there has not been submitted to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services the list or lists of the ingredients added to tobacco in the manufacture of such cigarettes as
required by the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1335a;
(2) To alter the package of any cigarettes prior to sale or distribution to the ultimate consumer so as to remove,
conceal or obscure:
(a) Any statement, label, stamp, sticker or notice described in subparagraph a. of paragraph (a) of subdivision
(1) of this subsection;
(b) Any health warning that is not specified in or does not conform with the requirements of the Federal
Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1333; or
(3) To affix any tax stamp to the package of any cigarettes described in subsection 1 of this section or altered in
violation of this subsection.
3. On the first business day of each month, each person licensed to affix the state tax stamp to cigarettes shall file
with the department for all cigarettes imported into the United States to which such person has affixed the tax
stamp in the preceding month:
(1) A copy of:
(a) The permit issued pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. Section 5713, to the person importing
such cigarettes into the United States allowing such person to import such cigarettes; and
(b) The customs form containing, with respect to such cigarettes, the internal revenue tax information required
by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
(2) A statement signed by such person under penalty of perjury which shall be treated as confidential by the
commissioner and exempt from disclosure pursuant to chapter 610, RSMo, identifying the brand and brand
styles of all such cigarettes, the quantity of each brand style of such cigarettes, the supplier of such cigarettes and
the person or persons, if any, to whom such cigarettes have been conveyed for resale, and a separate statement
signed by such person under penalty of perjury, which shall not be treated as confidential or exempt from
disclosure, separately identifying the brands and brand styles of such cigarettes;
(3) A statement signed by an officer of the manufacturer or importer under penalty of perjury certifying that the
manufacturer or importer has complied with:
(a) The package health warning and ingredient reporting requirements of the Federal Cigarette Labeling and
Advertising Act, 15 U.S.C. Sections 1333 and 1335a, with respect to such cigarettes; and
(b) Sections 196.1000 and 196.1003, RSMo, including a statement indicating whether the manufacturer is or is
not a participating tobacco manufacturer within the meaning of sections 196.1000 and 196.1003, RSMo.
4. Any person who sells or holds for sale cigarette packages to which is affixed a tax stamp in violation of this
section is guilty of a class D felony.
5. The department of revenue may suspend or revoke a wholesale license of any person who sells or holds for sale
cigarette packages to which is affixed a tax stamp in violation of this section and impose a civil penalty in an
amount not to exceed the greater of five hundred percent of the retail value of the cigarettes involved or five
6. Cigarettes that are acquired, held, owned, possessed, transported in, imported into, or sold or distributed in
this state in violation of this section shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture, with all such cigarettes so seized and
forfeited destroyed. Such cigarettes shall be deemed contraband whether the violation of this section is knowing
7. A violation of this section is a deceptive act or practice pursuant to this section. In addition to any other
remedy provided by this section or other law, any person may bring an action for:
(1) Appropriate injunctive or other equitable relief;
(2) Actual damages, if any, sustained by reason of a violation of this section; and
(3) As determined by the court, interest on such damages from the date of the complaint, taxable costs and
reasonable attorney's fees.
If the trier of fact finds that the violation is egregious, the judgment may be increased to an amount not in excess
of three times the actual damages sustained by reason of such violation.
8. The provisions of this section shall not apply to:
(1) Cigarettes allowed to be imported or brought into the United States for personal use; and
(2) Cigarettes sold or intended to be sold as duty-free merchandise by a duty-free sales enterprise in accordance
with 19 U.S.C. Section 1555(b) and any implementing regulations; provided, however, that this section shall apply
to any such cigarettes that are brought back into the customs territory for resale within the customs territory.
9. For the purposes of this section, the term "importer" means importer as such term is defined in 26 U.S.C.
10. If any provision of this section or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder
of this section or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected.
407.924. 1. The division of liquor control within the department of public safety shall implement and enforce the
provisions of sections 407.925 to 407.934.
2. Beginning January 1, 2002, the division of liquor control shall submit an annual report to the general assembly
on the effectiveness of sections 407.925 to 407.934 in reducing tobacco possession by minors and the enforcement
activities by the division for violations of sections 407.925 to 407.934.
407.926. 1. Any person who sells tobacco products shall deny the sale of such tobacco products to any person
who the seller believes is less than eighteen years of age.
2. Any person or entity who sells or distributes tobacco products by mail or through the Internet in this state in
violation of subsection 1 of this section shall be assessed a fine of one thousand dollars for the first violation and
two thousand five hundred dollars for each subsequent violation.
407.927. The owner of an establishment at which tobacco products or rolling papers are sold at retail or through vending
machines shall cause to be prominently displayed in a conspicuous place at every display from which tobacco products
are sold and on every vending machine where tobacco products are purchased a sign that shall:
(1) Contain in red lettering at least one-half inch high on a white background the following: "It is a violation of state
law for cigarettes or other tobacco products to be sold or otherwise provided to any person under the age of eighteen or
for such person to purchase, attempt to purchase or possess cigarettes or other tobacco products"; and
(2) Include a depiction of a pack of cigarettes at least two inches high defaced by a red diagonal diameter of a
surrounding red circle, and the words "Under 18".
407.928. No person shall sell such individual packages containing tobacco products unless such packages satisfy
one of the following conditions prior to the time of sale:
(1) It is sold through a vending machine; or
(2) It is displayed behind the check-out counter or it is within the unobstructed line of sight of the sales clerk or
407.929. 1. A person selling tobacco products or rolling papers or distributing tobacco product samples shall require
proof of age from a prospective purchaser or recipient if an ordinary person would conclude on the basis of appearance
that such prospective purchaser or recipient may be under the age of eighteen.
2. The operator's or chauffeur's license issued pursuant to the provisions of section 302.177, RSMo, or the
operator's or chauffeur's license issued pursuant to the laws of any state or possession of the United States to
residents of those states or possessions, or an identification card as provided for in section 302.181, RSMo, or the
identification card issued by any uniformed service of the United States, or a valid passport shall be presented by
the holder thereof upon request of any agent of the division of liquor control or any registrant pursuant to section
407.934, or any agent or employee of such registrant, for the purpose of aiding the registrant, agent or employee
to determine whether or not the person is at least eighteen years of age when such person desires to purchase or
possess tobacco products procured from a registrant. Upon such presentation, the registrant, or registrant's
agent or employee shall compare the photograph and physical characteristics noted on the license, identification
card or passport with the physical characteristics of the person presenting the license, identification card or
3. Any person who shall, without authorization from the department of revenue, reproduce, alter, modify or
misrepresent any chauffeur's license, motor vehicle operator's license or identification card shall be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be subject to a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, and
confinement for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
4. Reasonable reliance on proof of age or on the appearance of the purchaser or recipient shall be a defense to any action
for a violation of subsections 2 and 3 of section 407.931. No person shall be liable for more than one violation of
subsections 2 and 3 of section 407.931 on any single day.
407.931. 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in tobacco product distribution to persons under eighteen years
2. All vending machines that dispense tobacco products shall be located within the unobstructed line of sight and
under the direct supervision of an adult responsible for preventing persons less than eighteen years of age from
purchasing any tobacco product from such machine. By January 1, 2001, all vending machines designed to
dispense tobacco products shall be equipped with a lock-out device to prevent the machines from being operated
until the person responsible for monitoring sales from the machines disables the lock. Such locking device shall
be of a design that prevents it from being left in an unlocked condition and which will allow only a single sale
when activated. A locking device shall not be required on machines that are located in areas where persons less
than eighteen years of age are not permitted or prohibited by law. The registration required in section 407.934
for any owner who is subject to and in violation of the provisions of this subsection or subdivision (1) of section
407.927 shall be suspended until the division of liquor control determines that such machine is brought into
compliance. A determination of noncompliance may be made by a local law enforcement agency, the highway
patrol, the division of liquor control or the department of mental health.
3. No person shall sell, provide or distribute any tobacco product or [distribute any tobacco product or] rolling papers
to any minor, or any individual cigarettes to any person in this state. This subsection shall not apply to the
distribution by family members on property that is not open to the public.
[3.] 4. Any person, including, but not limited to, a sales clerk, owner or operator who violates subsection 1 [or], 2 or
3 of this section or section 407.927 shall be [fined] penalized as follows:
(1) For the first offense, twenty-five dollars;
(2) For the second offense, one hundred dollars;
(3) For a third and subsequent offense, two hundred fifty dollars. For a fourth and subsequent offense, in addition to
a fine of two hundred fifty dollars, a five-day suspension of the establishment's registration or license to sell
tobacco products may be imposed.
The establishment shall also be fined in an amount equivalent to the fines listed in subdivisions (1), (2) and (3) of
this subsection. The division of liquor control in the department of public safety shall enforce the provisions of
this subsection and subsection 5 of this section.
5. Any owner, operator or corporate entity who is considered the general owner or operator of the outlet where
tobacco products are available for sale who violates subsection 3 of this section, in addition to the fines established
in subsection 4 of this section, shall be penalized in the following manner:
(1) For the first offense, a reprimand shall be issued by the division of liquor control;
(2) For the second offense, the division of liquor control shall issue a citation prohibiting the outlet from selling
tobacco products for a twenty-four hour period;
(3) For the third offense, the division of liquor control shall issue a citation prohibiting the outlet from selling
tobacco products for a forty-eight hour period;
(4) For the fourth and any subsequent offenses, the division of liquor control shall issue a citation prohibiting the
outlet from selling tobacco products for a five-day period.
6. Any person who is considered the general owner or operator of the outlet where tobacco products are
available for sale who violates subsection 3 of this section shall not be penalized pursuant to this section if such
person documents the following:
(1) An employee training program was in place to provide the employee with information on the state and federal
regulations regarding tobacco sales to minors. Such training program must be attended by all employees who sell
tobacco products to the general public;
(2) A signed statement by the employee stating that the employee has attended training and understands the state
laws and federal regulations regarding the sale of tobacco to minors;
(3) Such training meets the minimum training criteria established by the department of mental health.
7. The exemption in subsection 6 of this section shall not apply to any person who is considered the general
owner or operator of the outlet where tobacco products are available for sale if:
(1) Four or more violations of subsection 3 of this section occur within a one-year period; or
(2) Such person knowingly violates or knowingly allows his or her employees to violate subsection 3 of this
[4.] 8. If a sale is made by an employee of the owner of an establishment in violation of sections 407.925 to 407.932,
both the employee and the owner shall be guilty of an offense established in subsections 1, 2 and 3 of this section. If a
vending machine is in violation of section 407.927, the owner of the establishment shall be guilty of an offense
established in subsections 1, 2 and 3 of this section. If a sample is distributed by an employee of a company conducting
the sampling, such employee shall be guilty of an offense established in subsections 1, 2 and 3 of this section.
407.933. 1. No person less than eighteen years of age shall purchase, attempt to purchase or possess cigarettes or
other tobacco products unless such person is an employee of a seller of cigarettes or tobacco products and is in
such possession to effect a sale in the course of employment.
2. Any person less than eighteen years of age shall not misrepresent his or her age to purchase cigarettes or
3. Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor and shall have any
cigarettes or tobacco products in such person's possession confiscated. For a second or subsequent violation of
this section or for a failure to pay any fines or penalties assessed as a result of a violation of this section, the court
may order such person to complete a term of community service under the supervision of the court or an
organization selected by the court.
407.934. 1. No person shall sell cigarettes or tobacco products unless the person has a retail sales tax license and
is registered to sell tobacco products in the state of Missouri. Any establishment located in a city or county that
may suspend or revoke a license or registration for the sale of tobacco to minors or impose a fine for sales to
minors shall not be assessed a penalty for the same offense by both the state and the city or county. In such case,
the state law shall take precedence.
2. Beginning January 1, 2001, the department of revenue shall permit a person to register through the Internet or
by including a place on all sales tax returns filed pursuant to section 144.100, RSMo, for the filer to designate
himself or herself as a seller of tobacco products and to provide a list of all locations where the filer sells such
3. Every person registered to sell tobacco products in the state of Missouri shall prominently display such
registration at each location where tobacco products are sold by the registrant.
4. On or before July first of each year, the department of revenue shall make available to the division of liquor
control and the department of mental health a complete list of every establishment registered to sell cigarettes and
other tobacco products in this state.
5. The department of mental health shall have the authority to inspect stores and tobacco outlets for compliance
with all laws related to access of tobacco products to minors and to refer all violations to the division of liquor
control for processing.
6. Any establishment that knowingly sells cigarettes or tobacco products to minors without being registered with
the department of revenue pursuant to this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
Missouri House of Representatives