100th General Assembly, 1st Regular Session
Bills Indexed by Subject

BillSponsor Bill StringDate/Last Action
 Bill Information
HB37Walsh, Sara HCS HB 374/30/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  0517H.03C - Extends the expiration date to collect surcharges that are deposited into the "DNA Profiling Analysis Fund."
HB41Lavender, Deb HB 415/17/2019 Referred: Ways and Means
  0161H.01I - Requires certain out-of-state sellers to remit sales tax.
HB64Unsicker, Sarah HB 645/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0028H.02I - Abolishes the death penalty and specifies that any person sentenced to death before August 28, 2019, must be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole.
HB67Plocher, Dean SCS HCS HB 675/9/2019 Reported Do Pass (S)
  0219S.04C - Modifies provisions relating to municipal courts.
HB103Green, Alan HB 1035/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0216H.01I - Requires the Commissioner of Administration to procure a blanket bond or crime insurance policy to protect the state against loss from the acts or omissions of any state-compensated person within the judiciary.
HB111Sommer, Chrissy HB 1115/2/2019 Voted Do Pass (H)
  0266H.01I - Changes the law regarding animal abuse.
HB113Smith, Cody SS#3 SCS HB 1135/17/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  0728S.13F - Allows the court to depart from minimum sentencing provisions in certain circumstances.
HB121DeGroot, Bruce HB 1213/12/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  0596H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to the collateral source rule.
HB124DeGroot, Bruce HB 1245/6/2019 Public Hearing Held (S)
  0597H.01P - Allows the circuit court in St. Louis City to collect a fee not to exceed twenty dollars, rather than fifteen, to go toward the law library.
HB125DeGroot, Bruce HB 1255/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0594H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to damages in wrongful death actions.
HB139Ellington, Brandon HB 1395/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  0487H.01I - Increases the time after a child's birth that the father has to file an action to establish paternity prior to an adoption or to file a notice with the Putative Father Registry.
HB151Ellington, Brandon HB 1515/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  0468H.01I - Allows a victim or witness of a crime to be granted an automatic full order of protection if such victim or witness is fearful of his or her safety.
HB174Washington, Barbara HB 1745/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0434H.01I - Changes the laws regarding landlord-tenant actions.
HB184Trent, Curtis HB 18412/20/2018 Withdrawn (H)
  0324H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to judgment interest rates.
HB186Trent, Curtis SCS HB 1865/9/2019 Reported Do Pass (S)
  0323S.03C - Provides that a person who is injured by a product has 15 years after the sale or lease of the product to bring a suit for damages.
HB189Toalson Reisch, Cheri HCS#2 HB 1894/30/2019 Placed on the Informal Perfection Calendar (H)
  0180H.03C - Modifies provisions relating to activities extended to persons found guilty of certain criminal offenses.
HB192DeGroot, Bruce SS SCS HCS HB 1927/9/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  0761S.08T - Modifies provisions relating to the payment fines by offenders.
HB193Neely, Jim HB 1935/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  0331H.01I - Specifies that a parent's obligation to pay child support terminates when the child turns 18 or graduates from high school with certain exceptions.
HB194Neely, Jim HCS HB 1944/25/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  0333H.04C - Modifies provisions relating to maintenance orders.
HB195Neely, Jim HB 1954/18/2019 Motion to Do Pass Failed (H)
  0335H.01I - Allows a court to reduce a life without parole sentence to a sentence of life with eligibility for parole in certain circumstances.
HB216DeGroot, Bruce HB 2165/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0114H.02I - Modifies provisions relating to actions for damages due to exposure to asbestos.
HB229Swan, Kathryn SCS HCS HB 2294/30/2019 SCS Reported Do Pass (S)
  0808S.03C - Establishes a rebuttable presumption that child custody arrangements that award equal parenting time are in the best interest of the child.
HB231Kolkmeyer, Glen HB 2315/10/2019 Dropped from Calendar - Pursuant to House Rules (H)
  0904H.01I - Modifies provisions of civil procedure regarding joinder and venue.
HB237Franks Jr., Bruce HB 2375/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  0830H.01I - Specifies that no individual shall be incarcerated for failure to pay a child support obligation.
HB254Morris, Lynn HCS HB 2545/14/2019 Dropped from Calendar - Pursuant to House Rules (H)
  0848H.02C - Modifies provisions relating to maintenance orders.
HB269Shaul, Dan HCS HB 2695/1/2019 Voted Do Pass (S)
  0852H.02P - Modifies provisions for candidate filing fees payable to the secretary of state and the secretary of state's subpoena power.
HB292Washington, Barbara HB 2925/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1015H.01I - Requires the court to expunge certain marijuana offenses.
HB304Roberts, Steven HB 3045/17/2019 Referred: Special Committee on Criminal Justice
  0091H.02I - Provides that certain mandatory minimum sentences may be discretionary and creates provisions when a person is eligible for a parole hearing.
HB317Barnes, Jerome HB 3174/18/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  0385H.01I - Allows persons seventy years of age or older to be excused from serving on a petit or grand jury.
HB341Hicks, Ron HCS HB 3414/4/2019 Second read and referred: Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence
  0681H.03P - Allows certain marijuana-related offenses and violations to be expunged if the offenses or violations occurred in Missouri prior to the issuance of a patient identification card.
HB350Hannegan, Tom HB 3505/8/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  0659H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to unlawful discriminatory practices.
HB353Hannegan, Tom HB 3534/29/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  0725H.01I - Provides that a person cannot be sentenced to death if he or she raises the issue that he or she suffered from a serious mental illness at the time of the commission of the offense.
HB363Roeber, Rebecca HCS HB 3633/12/2019 Referred: Rules - Legislative Oversight
  0277H.03C - Changes the law relating to the prohibition on expenditure of public funds to support or oppose candidates and certain measures.
HB370Gregory, David HB 3701/16/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0570H.01I - Changes the laws regarding protective orders by adding abuse by the harm or threatened harm of an animal as a ground for the issuance of a protective order.
HB376Trent, Curtis HB 3765/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0983H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to judgment interest rates.
HB379McGaugh, Peggy HCS HB 3794/18/2019 Second read and referred: Local Government and Elections
  0709H.02P - Allows the department of natural resources to award grants to preserve, protect, or restore historic county courthouses and historic county courthouse grounds.
HB381Ellebracht, Mark HB 3815/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0128H.01I - Provides that the time frame to file a petition for review of certain decisions shall be calculated as provided under Missouri Supreme Court Rule 44.01(e).
HB382Ellebracht, Mark HB 3825/17/2019 Referred: Corrections and Public Institutions
  0046H.01I - Requires probation officers to report all probation violations.
HB387Ellebracht, Mark HB 3875/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1005H.01I - Specifies that attorneys shall only be prohibited from serving as special prosecutors in counties where they represent criminal defendants if a conflict is found after a hearing.
HB397Coleman, Mary Elizabeth CCS SS SCS HCS HB 3977/11/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  0962H.08T - Modifies provisions regarding the protection of children.
HB415Gray, Alan HB 4155/17/2019 Referred: Transportation
  0689H.01I - Modifies the penalties permitted for certain traffic and traffic-related offenses.
HB427Helms, Steve HCS HB 4275/6/2019 Placed on the Informal Third Reading Calendar (H)
  0589H.03P - Modifies provisions relating to municipal courts.
HB439Chipman, Jason HB 4395/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0965H.01I - Specifies that convictions and certain pleas in municipal court may be proved to affect the credibility of a witness.
HB463Moon, Mike HB 4635/17/2019 Referred: Special Committee on Homeland Security
  1199H.01I - Establishes a "Terrorist Offender Registry."
HB489DeGroot, Bruce HB 4895/6/2019 Second read and referred: Government Reform
  1265H.01P - Modifies provisions regarding punitive damages.
HB502Schroer, Nick HB 5024/18/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  1174H.01I - Prohibits an individual from participating in the "Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program" if he or she is delinquent in child support.
HB503Schroer, Nick HB 5034/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1238H.01I - Modifies laws regarding arbitration agreements between employers and employees.
HB505Schroer, Nick HB 5055/17/2019 Referred: Corrections and Public Institutions
  0849H.01I - Changes the laws regarding the "Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers."
HB524Neely, Jim HB 5245/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0810H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to license suspensions due to nonsupport.
HB529Haffner, Mike HB 5295/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1170H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to municipal courts.
HB545Green, Alan HB 5455/17/2019 Referred: General Laws
  0203H.01I - Establishes the "Extreme Risk Protection Order Act."
HB547Griffith, Dave SCS HCS HB 5477/9/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  1004S.03T - Requires each judicial circuit to establish a veterans' treatment court.
HB586Chipman, Jason HB 5864/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0935H.02I - Provides that a person has a right to a jury trial in certain administrative proceedings.
HB591Schroer, Nick HB 5915/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  0966H.01I - Establishes provisions relating to limited access to certain criminal records.
HB599Bondon, Jack SCS HB 5995/17/2019 Placed on Informal Calendar
  1147S.04C - Changes the laws regarding financial institutions by simplifying filing requirements.
HB601Kolkmeyer, Glen HB 6015/17/2019 Referred: Transportation
  1437H.01I - Enacts provisions relating to motor vehicle manufacturers licensed as new motor vehicle franchise dealers.
HB620Ellington, Brandon HB 6205/17/2019 Referred: Workforce Development
  0450H.02I - Changes certain laws regarding complaints filed with the Missouri Commission on Human Rights regarding discrimination based upon a person's sexual orientation or gender identity.
HB636Shawan, Jeff HB 6361/31/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  1492H.01I - Requires child supports orders established or modified by the Family Support Division to be available on an automated case management system.
HB661Morse, Herman HB 6614/4/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  1538H.01I - Provides that judges may assign roadside cleanup as a condition of probation.
HB666Roberts, Steven HB 6665/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  1040H.01I - Establishes the "Money Bail Reform Act of 2019."
HB670Bland Manlove, Ashley HB 6705/17/2019 Referred: Special Committee on Criminal Justice
  1061H.01I - Specifies procedure in officer-involved deaths and shootings by requiring a special prosecutor.
HB671Moon, Mike HB 6715/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  0800H.02I - "Right to Due Process Act."
HB682Miller, Rocky HB 6822/21/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  1228H.02I - Changes provisions relating to video lottery games.
HB694Anderson, Sonya SS HCS HB 6946/6/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  1433S.04T - Modifies provisions relating to fingerprint-based criminal records checks.
HB695Mackey, Ian HB 6955/17/2019 Referred: General Laws
  1493H.01I - Establishes extreme risk protection orders and gun violence seizure warrants and prohibits certain persons involved in domestic violence from possessing a firearm.
HB700Rehder, Holly SCS HCS HB 7005/9/2019 SCS Reported Do Pass (S)
  1653S.04C - Modifies when a court may grant grandparent visitation.
HB704Gregory, David HCS HB 7045/2/2019 Referred: Rules - Legislative Oversight
  1617H.02C - Modifies provisions relating to payment of taxes.
HB722Dinkins, Chris HB 7223/26/2019 HCS Reported Do Pass (H)
  1637H.01I - Allows certain specially appointed persons who serve court orders to collect the charge for such service.
HB728Billington, Hardy HB 7285/6/2019 Public Hearing Held (S)
  1693H.01P - Requires the name of the real party in interest to be named in civil actions involving the separation of church and state unless the party in interest is a minor.
HB745Ruth, Becky HCS HB 7454/29/2019 Public Hearing Held (S)
  1712H.03P - Requires a court to notify a school of any change in custody.
HB746Wilson, Kenneth HCS HBs 746 & 7225/9/2019 Reported Do Pass (S)
  1718H.02P - Modifies provisions relating to charges for the service of court orders.
HB767Carter, Chris HCS HB 7675/8/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  1719H.02C - Allows public officials to be excused from jury duty during their term of office and if service on the jury would interfere with official duties.
HB788Pogue, Jeff HB 7885/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  1065H.01I - Modifies provisions of law relating to custody of in vitro human embryos.
HB810Sommer, Chrissy HB 8105/14/2019 Dropped from Calendar - Pursuant to House Rules (H)
  1753H.01I - Modifies provisions regarding military affairs.
HB811Dogan, Shamed HB 8114/17/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  1792H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to trial procedures for murder in the first degree.
HB814Gregory, David HB 8144/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1812H.01I - Changes the laws regarding unlawful merchandising practices.
HB818Knight, Jeff HB 8182/28/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1761H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to venue in guardianship and conservatorship proceedings.
HB829Wood, David HB 8294/24/2019 Voted Do Pass (S)
  1806H.02P - Creates provisions stating any litigation that Missouri is involved in due to medical marijuana shall be paid out of the Department of Health and Senior Services’ portion of the Missouri Veterans’ Health and Care Fund.
HB830Chipman, Jason HB 8304/18/2019 Referred: Local Government
  1450H.01I - Adds an associate circuit judge to Crawford County.
HB854Toalson Reisch, Cheri HB 8545/17/2019 Referred: Elections and Elected Officials
  0825H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to the legal fees of public officials.
HB861Dinkins, Chris HB 8615/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  1886H.01I - Adds provisions relating to public funding for family planning.
HB865Gregory, David HB 8655/13/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  1895H.01I - Allows a party to demand a trial by jury to determine if a trust is void because the creation of the trust was induced by fraud, duress, or undue influence.
HB868Mitten, Gina HB 8685/6/2019 Second read and referred: Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence
  1836H.01P - Removes a provision regarding the preparing of a plan by the Director of the State Public Defender System to establish district offices.
HB891Rowland, Rory HB 8915/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1925H.01I - Prohibits certain settlement agreements that contain confidentiality agreements.
HB899Billington, Hardy HB 8993/27/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  1949H.01I - Modifies the time frame to appeal landlord-tenant actions.
HB904Patterson, Jonathan HCS HB 9044/24/2019 Voted Do Pass (H)
  1834H.02C - Establishes the "Ensuring Access to High Quality Care for the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Act."
HB905Patterson, Jonathan HB 9055/17/2019 Referred: General Laws
  1937H.01I - Prohibits a website operator from intentionally using an internet domain name in a ticket website’s URL.
HB911Mitten, Gina HB 9115/17/2019 Referred: Workforce Development
  0170H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to unlawful discriminatory practices.
HB919Evans, David HCS HB 9195/8/2019 Voted Do Pass (S)
  1956H.02P - Creates new provisions relating to the partition of property.
HB935O'Donnell, Michael HB 9355/14/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  1950H.01I - Creates the "Missouri Electricity Bill Reduction Assistance Act."
HB939Riggs, Louis HB 9394/10/2019 Referred: Financial Institutions
  1899H.01I - Changes the law regarding assignments for benefits of creditors.
HB940Roberts, Lane HB 9405/6/2019 Placed on the Informal Third Reading Calendar (H)
  2038H.01P - Modifies provisions of the "Missouri Museum and Cultural District Act."
HB952Helms, Steve HB 9525/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1968H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to judgments in civil actions.
HB960McCreery, Tracy HB 9604/16/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  2032H.01I - Prohibits certain individuals from possessing a firearm due to domestic violence.
HB961Washington, Barbara HB 9615/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  1814H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to juvenile court proceedings.
HB967Dogan, Shamed HB 9673/12/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  2071H.01I - Authorizes a prosecuting attorney to divert a criminal case to a prosecution diversion program.
HB987Wright, Dale HB 9875/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  2141H.01I - Prohibits law enforcement officers from releasing persons from custody during or immediately preceding the delivery of medical care or psychiatric care in a hospital where the person is receiving treatment unless certain conditions are met.
HB989Price, Wiley HB 9895/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1804H.01I - Modifies juror compensation for jurors serving on a jury in the City of St. Louis.
HB996Hicks, Ron HB 9963/28/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  2093H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to the offense of failing to yield the right-of-way.
HB1033Neely, Jim HB 10334/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  2150H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to the registration of sexual offenders.
HB1039Taylor, Jered HB 10395/7/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  2160H.01I - Establishes the "Second Amendment Preservation Act," which creates additional protections to the right to bear arms.
HB1045Falkner, Bill HB 10454/30/2019 Public Hearing Scheduled, Bill not Heard (H)
  2191H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to the administrative adjudication of certain municipal ordinance violations.
HB1047Bailey, Dottie HB 10475/17/2019 Referred: Children and Families
  2221H.01I - Modifies provisions of law relating to custody of in vitro human embryos.
HB1063Pollock, Suzie HCS#2 HB 10634/18/2019 Reported Do Pass (H)
  2219H.04C - Modifies provisions relating to bail bonds.
HB1065Evans, David HCS HB 10654/30/2019 Placed on the Informal Perfection Calendar (H)
  2231H.02C - Modifies provisions relating to criminal offenses.
HB1072Windham, Kevin HB 10725/17/2019 Referred: Corrections and Public Institutions
  1383H.01I - Requires the consideration of the cost to the state for incarcerating an offender during sentencing and parole hearings.
HB1083O'Donnell, Michael HCS HB 10835/1/2019 Voted Do Pass (S)
  2114H.04P - Relating to courts.
HB1091Mosley, Jay HB 10915/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1239H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to pleadings.
HB1095Dogan, Shamed HCS HB 10954/11/2019 Referred: Rules - Administrative Oversight
  1675H.02C - Modifies provisions relating to criminal offenses.
HB1103Green, Alan HB 11035/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  2185H.01I - Establishes provisions relating to limited access to certain criminal records.
HB1111Veit, Rudy HB 11114/18/2019 Referred: Professional Registration and Licensing
  2167H.02I - Changes the laws regarding cemeteries.
HB1119Mosley, Jay HB 11195/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1241H.01I - Establishes provisions relating to time frames for issuance of orders or judgments by courts.
HB1166Plocher, Dean HB 11663/6/2019 Referred: General Laws
  2326H.02I - Modifies the amount a court may assess for court costs for minor traffic violations.
HB1171Trent, Curtis HB 11713/12/2019 Referred: General Laws
  2125H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to civil procedure.
HB1179Franks Jr., Bruce HB 11795/17/2019 Referred: General Laws
  2350H.01I - Establishes a firearm registry under the management of the Attorney General.
HB1180Neely, Jim HB 11805/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  2194H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to maintenance orders.
HB1202Ellebracht, Mark HB 12025/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  2464H.01I - Directs fines from certain municipal ordinances to be distributed annually to the schools of the county in the same manner that proceeds of all penalties, forfeitures, and fines collected for the breach of the penal laws of the state are distributed.
HB1216Sommer, Chrissy HB 12165/17/2019 Referred: Health and Mental Health Policy
  1431H.01I - Changes the laws regarding the "Brain Injury Fund."
HB1219Mackey, Ian HB 12195/17/2019 Referred: Crime Prevention and Public Safety
  2389H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to assessing punishment in first degree murder case for which the death penalty is authorized.
HB1220Mitten, Gina HB 12204/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0255H.01I - Prohibits the dissemination of recordings or videos of TNC riders obtained by TNC drivers through prearranged rides.
HB1221DeGroot, Bruce HB 12214/18/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  2439H.01I - Requires court records pertaining to certain misdemeanor cases to be removed from any state courts automated case management system.
HB1245Bosley, LaKeySha HB 12455/17/2019 Referred: Ways and Means
  2460H.01I - Establishes provisions for the collection of online sales tax.
HCB6Christofanelli, Phil HCB 65/7/2019 Dropped from Calendar - Pursuant to House Rules (H)
  2491H.02I - Modifies provisions relating to elections.
HCR3Vescovo, Rob HCR 31/30/2019 House Message (H)
  1219H.01I - Convenes a joint session to receive a message from the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Missouri.
HCR10Moon, Mike HCR 105/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  0819H.01I - Formally denounces the infamous Dred Scott decision.
HJR1Stacy, Dan HJR 15/17/2019 Referred: Elections and Elected Officials
  0443H.01I - Requires the Senate, beginning January 1, 2021, to try all impeachments except that the Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court shall preside when the Governor is being tried.
HJR34Pogue, Jeff HJR 345/17/2019 Referred: Elections and Elected Officials
  1099H.01I - Allows both the General Assembly and the people to submit referendums on federal laws.
HJR35Pogue, Jeff HJR 355/17/2019 Referred: Elections and Elected Officials
  1100H.01I - Allows both the General Assembly and the people to submit referendums on federal laws.
HJR44Mosley, Jay HJR 445/17/2019 Referred: Judiciary
  1240H.01I - Proposes a constitutional amendment that modifies a provision relating to the right of trial by jury.
HJR47Trent, Curtis HJR 474/16/2019 HCS Reported Do Pass (H)
  2349H.01I - Modifies provisions for redistricting and lobbyist gifts.
HJR53Ross, Robert HJR 535/17/2019 Referred: General Laws
  2387H.01I - Establishes a permanent Joint Committee on Administrative Rules to review the promulgation of rules by state agencies.
HJR57Pogue, Jeff HJR 574/3/2019 Public Hearing Completed (H)
  2282H.01I - Modifies provisions relating to redistricting and lobbying.
SB1Smith, Cody SCS SB 17/9/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  0564S.04T - Removes certain offenses from the list of offenses where expungement is not currently available
SB6Hill, Justin HCS SCS SB 62/21/2019 Adopted (S)
  0363H.04C - Modifies provisions relating to controlled substances
SB134Kidd, Bill HCS SB 1346/6/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  0530H.02T - Modifies provisions relating to solid waste
SB203Plocher, Dean HCS SCS SB 2037/9/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  1191H.07T - Changes the law regarding certain property regulations
SB224Schroer, Nick HCS SS#4 SB 2247/10/2019 Delivered to Secretary of State (G)
  0633H.14T - Modifies various Supreme Court Rules relating to discovery