SECOND REGULAR SESSION
HOUSE BILL NO. 1489
96TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY
INTRODUCED BY REPRESENTATIVES McCAHERTY (Sponsor), CROSS, NETH, FITZWATER, BERRY, McGHEE, LICHTENEGGER, CASEY, ZERR, WRIGHT, NANCE, RIZZO, BURLISON, HOLSMAN, CARTER, GRISAMORE, SMITH (150), NASHEED, NOLTE, WIELAND, MEADOWS, ATKINS AND ROWLAND (Co-sponsors).
4428L.02I D. ADAM CRUMBLISS, Chief Clerk
To amend chapter 137, RSMo, by adding thereto one new section relating to property taxation.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Missouri, as follows:
Section A. Chapter 137, RSMo, is amended by adding thereto one new section, to be known as section 137.102, to read as follows:
137.102. 1. As used in this section, the following terms mean:
(1) "Homestead beneficiary", a person who has reached the age of sixty-seven years as of January first of the determining odd-numbered year and whose total household income does not exceed forty thousand dollars;
(2) "Homestead property", the owner's principal residence and the adjacent real property not to exceed five acres of land as is reasonably necessary for use of the residence as a dwelling home;
(3) "Owner", a person who holds possession and unconditional fee simple title in the subject residential property, whether individually, or as one or more tenants by the entireties, joint tenants, or tenants in common, and who declared ownership of the property on each of the ten immediately preceding annual property declaration statements, and who actually paid the ten immediately preceding annual property tax assessments.
2. For all tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, the assessed value of all homestead property in class 1, excluding any value added by new construction or improvements, owned by any owner who is a homestead beneficiary and who has continuously used that property as a principal residence for at least the ten immediately preceding years shall not increase, nor shall the percentage of increase in any amount due and owing for any real property tax exceed the percentage of increase over the previous year in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers as prepared by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, or its successor index, during the period of time that owner resides on that property after becoming a homestead beneficiary. Status as a homestead beneficiary and years of residence for purposes of this section shall be determined as of January first of each odd-numbered year; the owner shall provide such information by affidavit by such date to the county assessor.
3. The tax rate or rates imposed upon homestead property whose owner meets the conditions specified in subsection 2 of this section shall not be increased with respect to such property until the owner moves, sells the property, or fails to notify the assessor of continued eligibility under subsection 2 of this section.
4. No owner who is eligible for both the credit authorized under sections 135.010 to 135.035 and the limitation on assessed valuation and the prohibition on property tax increases provided under this section shall claim a benefit under both programs, but each eligible owner may file a claim for the program provided under such sections that provides the greatest benefit to the owner.
5. All revenue losses of any political subdivision resulting from the limitation on assessed valuations contained in this section shall be reimbursed to those political subdivisions by the state of Missouri through appropriations. Data substantiating revenue losses resulting from the limitation on assessed valuations as contained in this section shall be provided to the state auditor in such form as shall be prescribed by the state auditor by rule promulgated under chapter 536. The required data shall be submitted for each political subdivision levying a property tax and shall be submitted by either the county or the individual taxing authority as requested by the state auditor. Calculation or verification of the revenue loss shall be determined by the state auditor subsequent to the annual property tax rate review completed under section 137.073. All data and documents substantiating the revenue loss for each political subdivision shall be copied to each county clerk respectively and shall be retained and made available for public inspection by the county for a minimum of three years. Whenever a taxpayer in a taxing jurisdiction has cause to believe that the taxing jurisdiction has not complied with this section, the taxpayer shall have legal standing to bring a civil action to determine and require compliance with this section.